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  • Black Thursday: Schweinfurt, October 14, 1943 > National ...

    2018-5-17 · The Eighth Air Force attack against the ball bearing factories at Schweinfurt, Germany, on October 14, 1943, became known as 'Black Thursday.” After friendly fighters turned back at the German border, the bomber formations fought a running battle alone against the Luftwaffe. The bomber crews faced heavy flak over the target and then had to fight their way back across …

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  • World War II: Schweinfurt-Regensburg Raid Summary

    2018-8-3 · Devised by Air Marshal Arthur 'Bomber' Harris and Major General Carl Spaatz, Pointblank was intended to destroy the Luftwaffe and its infrastructure prior to the invasion of Europe. This was to be accomplished through a combined bomber offensive against German aircraft factories, ball bearing plants, fuel depots, and other related targets.

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  • What was the significance of ball bearing factories during ...

    2021-4-6 · The Kugelfischer plant produced 22 percent, and the Vereinigte Kugellagerfabriken I and II produced 20 percent, and another one percent came from the Fichtel & Sachs factory. After the German ball bearing 'bottleneck' had been identified in 1942 and ball bearings had been named the second-most-vital Pointblank industry for the Combined Bomber Offensive in March 1943, Schweinfurt's ball bearing plants were selected for a second air raid …

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  • Schweinfurt Raid - WW2 Timeline (October 14th, 1943)

    2018-5-25 · American planners, including Generals Ira Eaker and Carl ‘Tooey’ Spaatz, countered that precision attacks against selected industrial targets like oil production facilities, aircraft and ball bearing plants were the best use of bomber strength. ‘It is better to cause a high degree of destruction in a few essential industries…than to cause a small degree in many,’ the USAAF …

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  • Death on the High Road: The Schweinfurt Raid

    2018-10-10 · The Army Air Force’s bombing raid on the ball bearing plants in Schweinfurt, Bavaria, on Oct. 14, 1943, included 291 American bombers, of which 60 were lost and 231 returned to England either with minor damage or damage beyond repair.

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  • ‘Black Thursday’: The bleakest day for U.S. Army Air ...

    2020-6-21 · On October 14, 1943 a day that would become known as Black Thursday another raid was scheduled against the ball bearing factories at Schweinfurt. 291 bombers were dispatched, 257 were able to penetrate German air space, of those 229 …

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  • Schweinfurt - Third Reich in Ruins

    2012-10-27 · On a similar escorted raid with P-51 Mustangs on a another ball bearing factory in Mar 8 1944 by 590 aircraft in comparison only 37 aircraft are lost. The losses were reduced once long range escorts by the P-51 were made possible.

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  • Schweinfurt Raid - WW2 Timeline (October 14th, 1943)

    Some 291 USAAF bombers of the 13th Bombardment Wing are once-again launched against Schweinfurt. Though 30% of German ball-bearing production is knocked out, 60 American aircraft do not return to home bases in the UK. The high level of losses in these raids forces the USAAF to temporarily suspend long-range bombing attacks into Germany.

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  • Schweinfurt Ball Bearing Factory – Kovels

    2014-11-9 · The Allied bombing raids in 1943 were conducted in an effort to destroy Germany’s ability to produce airplane parts. “SKF” stands for Schwedische Kugellagerfabriken, a Swedish company that had a division in Germany that made ball bearings. “F & S” stands for Fichtel & Sachs, another major ball-bearing manufacturer.

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  • The bearing plant at Schweinfurt - Agricultural Ball Bearings

    Which, in the “Swing Shift” episode of Hogan's Heroes is exactly the choice that was made. They couldn't bomb the munitions plant at Hammelburg for six weeks because the ball bearing plant at Schweinfurt was a higher priority. In fact, there are no fewer than three Hogans Heroes episodes devoted to the blowing up of ball bearing factories.

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  • Ransome and Marles Ball and Roller Bearing Factory, Bomb ...

    Ransome and Marles Ball and Roller Bearing Factory, Bomb Damage to the Grindery Shop, 1941 ... On Friday 7th March 1941 the most well known of all the raids on [Newark] took place when Ransome and Marles factory was bombed. The type of work carried out at the factory made it an obvious target for the Germans. The raid commenced at about 1.40pm.

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  • B17 Flying Fortress - History Learning Site

    2015-5-19 · On August 17th 1943, B17’s attacked the ball-bearing factory at Schweinfurt. This was a very important target as 52% of all of Germany’s ball-bearings were produced there. It was also a massively defended factory. 211 B17’s took part in the raid …

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  • America's Aerial Gunners in World War II Were Believed to ...

    2018-10-17 · Among the catastrophic raids was that against a ball bearing factory in Schweinfurt, which resulted in the loss of 36 out of 230 B-17s that took part, and heavy damage to dozens more. Even worse was a raid against the Ploesti oilfield complex in Romania: out of 177 B-24s that took off, 162 reached the target, and out of those, 53 were shot down ...

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  • January 1943 US Begin Daylight Bombing of Germany

    2020-6-21 · The Americans decided they would strike deep into Germany and attack a crucial ball bearing factory as well as a Messershmidt plant both deep in Bavaria. The plan called for both attacks to be stages minutes apart not giving the Germans a chance to defend themselves.

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  • From the Volturno to the Winter Line: Strategic Air Missions

    2001-9-17 · Raids on ball-bearing factories at Annecy, France were coordinated with those of British-based bombers against Schweinfurt in Germany. The 15th Strategic Air Force on 2 November took off from Tunisian fields to bomb the ME-109 factory at Wiener-Neustadt, south of Vienna. The 112 planes dropped 336 tons of bombs and destroyed 50 enemy fighters.

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  • America's Aerial Gunners in World War II Were Believed to ...

    2018-10-17 · Among the catastrophic raids was that against a ball bearing factory in Schweinfurt, which resulted in the loss of 36 out of 230 B-17s that took part, and heavy damage to dozens more. Even worse was a raid against the Ploesti oilfield complex in Romania: out of 177 B-24s that took off, 162 reached the target, and out of those, 53 were shot down ...

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  • Fifteenth Air Force—Strategic Bombing from Italy ...

    2018-5-17 · Fifteenth Air Force and 727 th Bomb Squadron patches worn by B-24 bombardier 1 st Lt Robert Henbest.. Bombardier Harold Cooke made these items while imprisoned after he was shot down over Regensburg in February 1944. Bombardier wings carved from a wooden bed slat.

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  • Schweinfurt Ball Bearing Factory – Kovels

    2014-11-9 · The Allied bombing raids in 1943 were conducted in an effort to destroy Germany’s ability to produce airplane parts. “SKF” stands for Schwedische Kugellagerfabriken, a Swedish company that had a division in Germany that made ball bearings. “F & S” stands for Fichtel & Sachs, another major ball-bearing manufacturer.

    Get Price
  • Ransome and Marles Ball and Roller Bearing Factory, Bomb ...

    Ransome and Marles Ball and Roller Bearing Factory, Bomb Damage to the Grindery Shop, 1941 ... On Friday 7th March 1941 the most well known of all the raids on [Newark] took place when Ransome and Marles factory was bombed. The type of work carried out at the factory made it an obvious target for the Germans. The raid commenced at about 1.40pm.

    Get Price
  • ‘Black Thursday’: The bleakest day for U.S. Army Air ...

    2018-10-10 · On Aug. 17, 1943, Eighth Air Force launched 230 bombers to attack Regensburg and 146 bombers to strike Schweinfurt. Although the attack on the ball bearing plants temporarily reduced production by 34 percent, the loss of 60 B-17s from the two raids delayed a follow-up attack on Schweinfurt until Oct. 14.

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  • WWII Ball Bearing Secrets - Practical Machinist

    2011-9-28 · The first bombing raids on the ball bearing works missed the target. The oil quenching tanks were set on fire. Photo recon deduced from the large fires that there was a lot of damage. Schweinfurt was taken off the 'bomb list' until the Allies realized the …

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  • January 1943 US Begin Daylight Bombing of Germany

    2020-6-21 · The Americans decided they would strike deep into Germany and attack a crucial ball bearing factory as well as a Messershmidt plant both deep in Bavaria. The plan called for both attacks to be stages minutes apart not giving the Germans a chance to defend themselves.

    Get Price
  • Air War from 1939-1945 | American Experience | Official ...

    2019-1-31 · Black Thursday - Nearly 600 crew members are lost in this long-range Allied bombing raid that targets a heavily defended ball-bearing factory in Schweinfurt, Germany. 60 B-17 Flying Fortresses are ...

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  • BBC - WW2 People's War - Timeline

    2014-12-1 · On 14 October 1943, 291 US bombers attacked the Schweinfurt ball-bearing factory; 60 were shot down. After this disaster, bombing operations were suspended until long range fighter cover and fine ...

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  • America's Aerial Gunners in World War II Were Believed to ...

    2018-10-17 · Among the catastrophic raids was that against a ball bearing factory in Schweinfurt, which resulted in the loss of 36 out of 230 B-17s that took part, and heavy damage to dozens more. Even worse was a raid against the Ploesti oilfield complex in Romania: out of 177 B-24s that took off, 162 reached the target, and out of those, 53 were shot down ...

    Get Price
  • Bombed WW2 Newark factory was rebuilt in three weeks -

    2016-3-6 · The Ransome & Marles bearings factory in Newark, Nottinghamshire, was so vital it was rebuilt in three weeks. The air raid on 7 March 1941 resulted in the …

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  • LayLax F-FACTORY MWS Hop Up Arm - Camo

    2021-5-20 · The Heckler & Koch HK416 DELTA is an assault rifle designed and manufactured by Heckler & Koch and customized by Delta Force. It uses the AR-15 platform, originally conceived as an improvement to the Colt M4 carbine family issued to the U.S. military, with the notable inclusion of an HK-proprietary short-stroke gas piston system derived from the Heckler & Koch G36.

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  • Schweinfurt Ball Bearing Factories | World War II Database

    The US 8th Army Air Force lost 59 heavy bombers during daylight raids upon Regenburg and Schweinfurt, Germany, which was about 25% of the attacking force. 14 Oct 1943 US 8th Air Force launched 291 B-17 bombers and 60 B-24 bombers to attack the Schweinfurt ball bearing plants in Germany; the 60 B-24 bombers were diverted to another target.

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  • Air War from 1939-1945 | American Experience | Official ...

    2019-1-31 · Black Thursday - Nearly 600 crew members are lost in this long-range Allied bombing raid that targets a heavily defended ball-bearing factory in Schweinfurt, Germany. 60 B-17 Flying Fortresses are ...

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  • The Schweinfurt-Regensburg Mission: American Raids on

    On August 17th, 1943, for the first time, the entire American bomber force based in Britain struck deep in Germany. They targeted the Messerschmitt aircraft factory at Regensburg and the ball-bearing factories at Schweinfurt...with disastrous results.

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  • Combined Bomber Offensive: Important Bombing Raids in

    2015-4-23 · Daylight precision raid on ball-bearing works. Of 291 planes involved, 80 destroyed, 138 damaged. Most damaging of the 16 Schweinfurt raids but caused only temporary setback in production. Germans reorganized ball-bearing industry before next attack 4 months later. Bombers escorted only part of way to target.

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  • SKF Group homepage | SKF

    SKF extends the JIS compliant ball bearing units with its new 300 series for contaminated environments. ... SKF’s automotive bearing factory in Tudela, Spain joins industrial bearing factory in Steyr, Austria as the Group’s first carbon neutral manufacturing sites. ... During the raids, more than 480 counterfeit SKF-branded bearings. 2019 ...

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  • How Allied Air Attacks Evolved During World War II

    In October 1943, the U.S. Eighth Air Force’s losses became critical, forcing a reappraisal of the American daylight bombing Strategy. O n October 14, 1943, the air war over Europe reached a critical turning point. On that Thursday, the United States Eighth Air Force mounted Mission No. 115 against the city of Schweinfurt, the center of the German ball bearing industry.

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  • World War II's Top Guns: This Group of P-47 Fighter Pilots ...

    2019-4-18 · World War II's Top Guns: This Group of P-47 Fighter Pilots Shot Down Over 500 Planes. The 56th Fighter Group led by Colonel Hubert Zemke scored over 500 kills before its ace commander's transfer.

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  • 8th Air Force WW II Bomber & Fighter Missions

    2014-12-30 · RAF bombers hit Lille & Amiens in conjuciton with US raids 416 Night Fighter Squadron Algiers Beaufighters 416 FS Synthetic oil plants ... Aircraft Factory U-Boat Pens Escort Lorient Port 1348-1351 1413 Circus 255 Wilhelmshaven Naval Base 110-1113 ... Ball Bearing Wildau plus various Berlin plus various 1st Ops 22 Mar 1944 Hannover, Brunswick ...

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  • WW2: A Civilian in the Second World War

    2019-9-3 · This blog posts extracts from E J Rudsdale's diaries of life on the home front in Britain during the Second World War. Each extract was posted exactly 70 years after it was first written, marking the 70th anniversary of the Second World War between 2009-2015. Short extracts are now being published on Twitter with links to this blog to mark the 80th anniversary of the Second …

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  • Mosquito, the 'Timber Terror' - Digger History

    2019-11-21 · Many other raids followed and some were designed more for effect than destruction. On 31st January 1943 105 Sqn became the first Mosquito Unit to bomb Berlin. Hermann Goering, head of the Luftwaffe, was due to address a parade in …

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  • The Schweinfurt-Regensburg Mission: The American Raids

    On August 17, 1943, the U.S. 8th Air Force was celebrating its first anniversary of flying heavy bombing missions against Nazi-occupied Europe. On this day, they decided to stage their most ambitious and daring mission yet: a dual strike at the Schweinfurt ball-bearing factories and the Messerschmitt airplane factory at Regensburg.

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  • Schweinfurt–Regensburg 1943: Eighth Air Force’s costly ...

    This is a new history of the US Army Air Force's pioneering but costly raids on Germany's Messerschmitt and ball-bearing factories in World War II. In 1943, the USAAF and RAF launched the Combined Bomber Offensive, designed to systematically destroy the industries that the German war machine relied on.

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  • The Schweinfurt-Regensburg Mission: American Raids on

    On August 17th, 1943, for the first time, the entire American bomber force based in Britain struck deep in Germany. They targeted the Messerschmitt aircraft factory at Regensburg and the ball-bearing factories at Schweinfurt...with disastrous results.

    Get Price
  • Guest Post: The Bomber War Pt. II – Dresden | Kiwiblog

    2021-4-18 · As a result, the Yanks suffered terrible casualties – 40% of the force on one raid on a ball bearing factory which was only partially damaged. The advent of the P-51 Mustang late in the war was a game changer, enabling them to fly deep into Germany with fighter support all the way.

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  • The German Tank Problem | Hacker News

    2019-6-30 · There were the infamous raids on the ball bearing factories in Schweinfurt. (At the time the allies didn't have escort fighters with sufficient range, and the bombers suffered heavily.) But AFAIK those targets were selected based on pre-war 'traditional' intelligence what the likely bottleneck resources would be, not statistical analysis of ...

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  • World War II - Air warfare, 1942–43 | Britannica

    World War II - World War II - Air warfare, 1942–43: Early in 1942 the RAF bomber command, headed by Sir Arthur Harris, began an intensification of the Allies’ growing strategic air offensive against Germany. These attacks, which were aimed against factories, rail depots, dockyards, bridges, and dams and against cities and towns themselves, were intended to both destroy Germany’s war ...

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  • Aces High: How the 56th Fighter Group Smashed Hitler’s

    2021-4-22 · Aces High: How the 56th Fighter Group Smashed Hitler’s Air Force. Germany might have had some good aces, but this entire Fighter Group was one of the finest of the war.

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  • The Fall of Germany 1944 - 1945 | World War Photos

    Bombed ball bearing industry at Schweinfurt Bomb Damage To Köln (Cologne) Germany 14 March 1945 US Troops Aid Wounded German Soldier in Belgium 1944 P-47 Thunderbolt over ruins of Berchtesgaden German Soldiers Captured during Battle for Germany Aachen 1944 Ruins Of Koln Hohenzollernbrucke Rheinauhafen 1945

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  • S2 – Spitfire (1936) – Zero West Watches

    The ZW S2 watch conveys the simplicity of the classic avionic dials found in the Spitfire cockpit. Housed in a precision billet machined smooth polished case and matching ZW DSL lugs, is a distinct black dial reminiscent of a Smiths 8 day clock with period numerals and indexes, clearly defined avionics style hands, and a standout red tipped sweep seconds hand. The classic dial is framed …

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  • RAF Alconbury | Military Wiki | Fandom

    2021-5-20 · RAF Alconbury, 12 March 1943. In May 1942, RAF Alconbury was allocated to the United States Eighth Air Force when a number of stations in East Anglia were turned over to the Americans after their entry into the war. It was designated by the USAAF as Station 102 (AL). The first USAAF unit to be activated at Alconbury was the 357th Air Services Squadron on 18 August …

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